Apostles and underdeacons
An OAC member wrote: “...En hoekom is die Kerk die regte Kerk? Want dit is gebou op die fondament van die Apostel en die Profeet(Efesiers 2v20)…en alle die ampte wat in die skrifte van gepraat word is in die Leer van die Apostel te vinde...” Sic
For those of you who don’t understand Afrikaans, this member is saying that the OAC is the right church “...because it’s built on the foundation of the apostle and prophet (Ephesians 2v20)... and all the offices mentioned in the scriptures are found in the doctrine of the apostle...”
Some OAC members like to boast that all of their offices are mentioned in the Bible and then poke fun at other churches that don’t have the office of “apostle”, “prophet” or “evangelist”.
These OAC members believe their argument carries more weight when someone from another church can’t show the titles of their officers in the Bible. They conveniently ignore the fact that there’s no mention in the Bible of “underdeacon” either. There’s also no mention in the Bible that an “overseer” is the double office of a “pastor” and a “teacher”. As for the need for “priest”, Jesus did away with the Levitical priesthood forever when He became our eternal High Priest (Hebrews 7:1-28). His priesthood is unchangeable and it does not pass on others (Hebrews 7:24).
According to Strong’s, the word “unchangeable” is translated from the Greek word aparabatos and is defined as:
not passing away, that is, untransferable (perpetual): - unchangeable.
1 Corinthians 12:27-28 Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular. And God hath set some in the church, first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.
Ephesians 2:19-20 Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God; And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;
Ephesians 4:11 And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;
If the titles of “apostle” and “prophet” were applicable, then why are there no titles in the OAC for “miracles”, “gifts of healings” or “diversities of tongues” (1 Corinthians 12:27-28)?
At this point some OAC members may say that these are not titles, but the gifts of Christ. They will then use the example of Christ Jesus and say that Christ is the “gift” and that Jesus is the “flesh”. Then they will imply that “Brother Jones” for example carries the spiritual gift of “brother” and “Jones” is his flesh.
- Firstly, Jesus IS the Christ (John 20:30-31, 1 John 2:22, 1 John 5:1) and throughout the Bible, Jesus and Christ are used interchangeably.
- Secondly, spiritual gifts are functions, not titles (1 Corinthians 12:1-31) and the best gift is charity (1 Corinthians 13:1-3).
- Thirdly, nowhere in the Bible will we read of “apostle Peter” or “apostle Paul” in that order as if it were a title. What we do read is “an apostle of Jesus Christ” and that Paul was also an apostle of the Gentiles (Romans 11:13).
There are also other churches who claim to have “apostles” because they believe that additional “apostles” were ordained besides the twelve apostles chosen by Jesus. They cite Ananias, Andronicus, Junias, Epaphroditus, Silvanus, James the Lord’s brother and Apollos as examples.
- Jesus sent seventy disciples in pairs to the cities (Luke 10:1-17) but there are never more than twelve apostles mentioned (Matthew 10:1-4, 1 Corinthians 15:4-7).
- Regarding Ananias, the Bible doesn’t refer to him as an apostle but as a certain disciple (Acts 9:10, Acts 9:17-18, Acts 22:12).
- Andronicus and Junias are mentioned only once in the whole Bible and the Bible does not say that they were apostles (Romans 16:7). They were Paul’s kinsmen and fellow prisoners, and therefore of note among the apostles. It doesn’t say of note as apostles.
- Epaphroditus is mentioned only three times in the Bible and not once is he referred to as an apostle (Philippians 2:25, Philippians 4:18, Philippians 4:23).
- Silvanus is mentioned only four times in the Bible and not once is he referred to as an apostle (2 Corinthians 1:19, 1 Thessalonians 1:1, 2 Thessalonians 1:1, 1 Peter 5:12).
- James, the Lord’s brother is not called an apostle (Galatians 1:19, 1 Corinthians 15:7).
- Apollos is mentioned ten times in the Bible and not once is he referred to as an apostle (Acts 18:24, Acts 19:1, 1 Corinthians 1:12, 1 Corinthians 3:4-6, 1 Corinthians 3:22, 1 Corinthians 4:6, 1 Corinthians 16:12, Titus 3:13).
Saul who became Paul was selected by Jesus Himself to be a chosen vessel to bear His name before the Gentiles, kings and children of Israel. He was also chosen to suffer for Jesus’ sake (Acts 9:1-16). Jesus called Paul to be an apostle, Paul himself literally saw Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 9:1). He was the last of all the apostles to see Jesus as of one born out of due time. Paul considered himself as the least of all the apostles and didn’t feel fit to be called an apostle (1 Corinthians 15:3-9). Despite the way he felt, Paul displayed all the signs of an apostle through signs, wonders and mighty deeds (2 Corinthians 12:12). You’ll notice that Paul wasn’t “prophesied” into apostleship.
Barnabas was one of certain prophets and teachers in the church at Antioch (Acts 13:1). As they fasted, they received an instruction from the Holy Ghost for Barnabas and Saul to go preach the word of God in the synagogues of the Jews in Salamis (Acts 13:2-5). Later on Barnabas and Paul are referred to collectively as apostles (Acts 14:14). They didn’t operate independently though, they still went to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles and elders when there was a dispute (Acts 15:2). There was also sharp contention between Paul and Barnabas (Acts 15:36-41).
According to Strong’s, the word “apostle” is translated from the Greek word apostolos and is defined as:
a delegate; specifically an ambassador of the Gospel; officially a commissioner of Christ (“apostle”), (with miraculous powers): - apostle, messenger, he that is sent.
The same Greek word apostolos is also used to mean:
- “...he that is sent...”
- “...they are the messengers...”
John 13:16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.
2 Corinthians 8:23 Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches, and the glory of Christ.
Philippians 2:25 Yet I supposed it necessary to send to you Epaphroditus, my brother, and companion in labour, and fellowsoldier, but your messenger, and he that ministered to my wants.
Therefore in a broader sense, the word “apostle” is transferred to the other eminent Christian teachers who were sent as messengers. Not as a title, but as a function.
Jesus had many more disciples but only twelve were selected to be His apostles. Therefore in a narrower sense, the word “apostle” is specially applied to the twelve disciples of Jesus who were selected out of the multitude of His disciples. They were His constant companions and were called to proclaim the kingdom of God to men (Luke 6:13, Luke 22:14).
The names of the twelve apostles that were handpicked by Jesus (Matthew 10:2-4):
- Simon, who is called Peter
- Andrew (brother of Simon, who is called Peter)
- James the son of Zebedee
- John (brother of James, son of Zebedee)
- Matthew the publican
- James the son of Alphaeus
- Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
- Simon the Canaanite
- Judas Iscariot
Judas was numbered with these twelve and obtained part of the ministry (Psalm 41:9, John 13:18). After Judas by transgression fell, only one other was ordained to be numbered with the eleven remaining apostles. He had to be a witness with them of Jesus’ resurrection, beginning from the baptism of John unto the same day that Jesus was taken up from them. Two were appointed; Barsabas Justus and Matthias. Then they prayed and gave forth their lots and the lot fell upon Matthias to be numbered with the eleven apostles (Acts 1:15-26). You’ll notice that Matthias wasn’t “prophesied” into apostleship.
That great city, the holy Jerusalem out of heaven from God has twelve gates named after the twelve tribes of the children of Israel. The wall of the city has twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb (Revelations 21:10-14).
In other words you won’t read Klibbe or Ninow or Campbell or Boshoff on these foundations. Before a house is built, the foundation first needs to be laid. Once the foundation has been laid, the house can be built. Once building starts, there’s no need to lay the foundation again!
|A foundation is only laid once|
There is only one instance in the whole Bible where Apostle is spelled with a capital “A”:
Hebrews 3:1 Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus